Kidney Disease

What You Need To Know About A Single Kidney


The kidneys are a powerful biological filter for our body. The paired organ, located in the retroperitoneal space, performs the most important function in the body. During the day, the kidneys pass through themselves about 2000 liters of blood, eventually forming 1.5-2 liters of urine. Caring for the kidneys is an important component of men's health and longevity. What should you know about the prevention of kidney disease and the entire urinary system?

Kidney care is an important component of men's health and longevity.

Kidneys: Dangers and Problems

In order for the most powerful filter of the human body to work without failures, it is necessary to ensure favorable working conditions for it. It is difficult to argue with this fact, but what exactly is hidden behind this streamlined formulation? Before talking about the prevention of kidney disease, you should understand what this body is afraid of and what problems should be expected if the biological filter fails.

  1. Hypothermia. The impact of low temperatures (general or on the lumbar region) impairs the blood supply to the kidneys, and also helps to reduce the reactivity of the body.
  2. Overheating. Long-term exposure to high temperatures increases the load on the kidneys and makes them work in an enhanced mode.
  3. Poor nutrition (excess salt, sugar, spices). Such food disrupts the water-salt balance in the body, which also affects the functioning of the kidneys.
  4. Low physical activity. Hypodynamia contributes to impaired blood flow in the kidneys, which provokes the development of various diseases.
  5. Dramatic weight loss. Addiction to diets can play a trick and lead to serious health problems, including the urinary system.

Physical activity

Regular exercise, fitness, jogging in the morning and walking in the fresh air - all this will benefit the kidneys. Adequate motor load stimulates the blood supply to the organs of the urinary system, allows you to keep the muscles of the lumbar region in good shape and prevents the appearance of fatty deposits in this zone. Life in motion stimulates the outflow of urine and activates the cleansing of the body of toxins, which will also favorably affect men's health. Do not neglect swimming in a pool or open water, the main thing is not to be cold.

In the complex of exercise therapy (therapeutic physical culture), to improve the outflow of urine and kidney health, the following exercises are recommended:

  • alternating tilts to the side
  • forward and backward bends with a straight back,
  • circular rotational movements of the hips.

The knee-elbow position (standing on all fours with support on the elbows and knees) will also be beneficial - at least 2-3 times a day. In this position, the kidneys are better supplied with blood, urine outflow increases, which favorably affects the state of the entire urinary system.

A balanced diet is another important step in the prevention of kidney disease. For the biological filter of our body, it’s important not how often we eat, but what exactly enters the digestive tract and then enters the kidneys with a blood stream. The main organ of the urinary system is not easy to eat with malnutrition, addiction to fast food and other unhealthy diets. The kidneys pass through all the substances that come with food. The more junk food a person consumes, the more difficult it is for the kidneys to cope with this load and the higher the chances of developing various diseases.

  1. Limiting salt to 5 g per day. Do not add salt to the food without first tasting it. You should gradually wean the body from the habit of eating only bright, salty, spicy food (see How to use salt for a man?).
  2. Full refusal or restriction of canned food, smoked meats and marinades. You should also not get involved in hot spices, seasonings, sauces.
  3. Limit the consumption of meat, fish, concentrated meat and fish broths. Emphasis on plant foods.
  4. An increase in the proportion of fresh vegetables and fruits in the diet. Among the favorites for kidney health are cucumbers, pumpkin, bell pepper, strawberries, watermelon and melon.
  5. Taking multivitamins in the cold season.

Drinking mode

For beneficial kidney function, an adult is recommended to drink up to 1.5-2 liters of fluid per day. You can drink ordinary clean water without gas, or opt for berry fruit drinks and compotes. Drinks from cranberries, lingonberries, black currants or rose hips favorably affect the functioning of the kidneys, increasing the outflow of urine and accelerating the cleansing of the body from metabolic products. Berry fruit drinks also have a weakly expressed antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect, which is used in the treatment of some kidney diseases.

Restrictions on the amount of fluid drunk are introduced for severe pathology of the urinary system (in particular, for chronic renal failure). If you have any doubts, it will not be superfluous to consult a doctor.

Infection prevention

Urethritis, prostatitis, cystitis - all these diseases pose a potential danger to the functioning of the kidneys. Infection from the lower urinary tract enters the pyelocaliceal system, where further growth and reproduction of bacteria occurs. Pyelonephritis occurs - an inflammatory process characterized by damage to the renal pelvis, calyx and organ parenchyma. Without treatment, pyelonephritis can lead to the development of chronic renal failure and a regular violation of all kidney functions.

The following recommendations will help prevent the development of the infectious process and its complications:

  1. Compliance with personal hygiene and regular care of the intimate area.
  2. Avoiding random sex and using condoms to protect against STIs.
  3. Attention to your body. It is recommended to avoid hypothermia, exorbitant physical activity and sports that can lead to kidney injury.
  4. Timely treatment of any infections of the genitourinary sphere.
  5. Strengthening immunity: physical activity, hardening, intake of vitamins.

Caring for your body

Kidney health is largely dependent on the functioning of the whole organism. The cause of a malfunction in the operation of the most important biological filter can be various somatic diseases. A significant burden on the kidneys is created by:

  • excess weight (body mass index above 25),
  • diabetes and other metabolic disorders,
  • vascular pathology,
  • alcohol abuse
  • common infectious diseases
  • strict diets with dramatic weight loss,
  • irrational medication.

Another important point in the prevention of kidney disease is the timely emptying of the bladder. Urinary retention in the bladder adversely affects the functioning of the entire system. Excess fluid overflows the bladder, which threatens with the reverse flow of urine into the ureter and the development of inflammation. At the first urge to urinate, you should visit the toilet room. If urination is too rare (less than 4 times a day), you should change your drinking regimen. It will not be superfluous to undergo a specialist examination.

Kidney Health & Traditional Medicine

On the Internet, various methods of cleaning the kidneys at home are actively discussed. Among other ways of influencing the urinary system, special attention deserves phytotherapy. It is worth noting that many herbs are actively used in classical medicine in the complex treatment of diseases of the kidneys, bladder and urethra.

  • orthosiphon stamen,
  • parsley,
  • blackcurrant leaves,
  • juniper berries, cranberries, lingonberries, rose hips,
  • horsetail
  • Birch buds,
  • elderberry flowers.

Herbs used in the treatment of renal pathology increase urine outflow, activate blood circulation, have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects, relieve spasm and eliminate pain. You can buy herbs in a pharmacy (in the form of single drugs or in fees). The course of herbal medicine lasts at least 1 month. Before using any herbs, you should consult your doctor and clarify possible contraindications.

Kidney cleaning by folk methods is contraindicated in such conditions:

  • inflammatory processes (cystitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis, prostatitis) in the acute stage,
  • urolithiasis disease,
  • tumors of the prostate gland and other genitourinary organs,
  • chronic renal failure
  • severe diseases of the heart, lungs and digestive tract.

As for the widely used methods of "cleaning the kidneys" like a watermelon diet and its variations, they give nothing but an additional load on this organ.

Kidneys are afraid

  • Dehydration. With a lack of fluid, urine thickens, and sand may first form, and then sinister stones. This, in turn, leads to a violation of the allocation of urine and its infection.
  • Of alcohol. For some reason, its harmful effect is usually associated with the liver. But the kidneys, you know, also suffer. It is worth drinking more than a glass at a time, and alcohol begins to act like poison, destroying the tissues of the kidneys. This can lead to kidney failure (a condition that poses a threat to life). Do not have time to look around, as hemodialysis is prescribed to you.
  • Sweet soda. The harmful substances contained in it irritate the kidneys. By the way, be careful with a regular mineral water - do not drink it in liters and without a doctor's prescription: the composition is not always useful for the kidneys, it can contribute to the formation of stones.
  • Abstinence (from visiting the ladies' room). Simply put - you can’t tolerate it, you need to regularly (at least four to five times a day) empty the bladder. Stagnant urine helps germs settle and take root in the renal tubules. What has the development of pyelonephritis.
  • Diseases. Not only the kidneys, but also those diseases that, it would seem, have nothing to do with our couple. So, with frequent tonsillitis, sinusitis or caries, streptococcal infection is introduced into the organ of interest by the flow of blood, which can cause the development of inflammation.
  • Salt. Excessive use of it retains fluid in the body and, as the nephrologist Marina Botova intimidates us, causes arterial hypertension with the gradual development of the same renal failure. Urologist Fuad Shakir, however, suggests not panic: “There are many assumptions about the negative impact on the state of the body of certain products. However, there are no reliable scientific studies confirming such positions. In general, this is unprovable. Therefore, I always suggest to my patients only adhere to the theory - everything is possible, but within reasonable limits. "
  • Diet Sudden weight loss can lead to drooping kidneys. Systematic constipation - to spasms of the muscles of the intestines and urinary tract, which violates urination.
  • Medication. More precisely, uncontrolled intake of some of them - such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or analgesics.

Symptoms of problems

We will not talk about diseases right now (the shortest overview of what you hear, you will find the bottom of the page) and, of course, we don’t take cases when you are already rushing for an ambulance with hellish pain and a temperature of 40. But let's talk about this. Renal pathology is an insidious thing that at first does not (or very weakly) show itself.

«Diseases body manifest So imperceptibly and it’s soft that they often begin to treat them already at a chronic stage, ”says Marina Botova. - The kidneys “endure” for a rather long time and from time to time declare themselves to be only minor general ailments, to which a person most often does not take seriously. And therefore, does not seek medical help on time. ” The expert selects only some of the wake-up callsfor which problems with the organ may be hidden (we repeat, we’ll not put the complicated names of dangerous diseases and make diagnoses here - and we don’t advise you).

  • Fatigue - The first sign of kidney "ill health". You are getting weaker and constantly feeling overwhelmed. Immunity is reduced, colds and infectious diseases are ongoing. Sometimes the temperature may rise slightly. If you do not measure it, you will still feel like lying down or tilting your head somewhere.
  • Temperature. If, after suffering an acute respiratory illness, it continues to stay within the range of 37–37.5 degrees, increasing towards evening. Very often, during a gynecological examination and examination, latent (sluggish) pyelonephritis is detected, which almost does not show itself - only with such a slight heat. However, if the "experience" of pyelonephritis is long, there may not be hyperthermia.
  • Urinary problems. Well, that is, urination becomes frequent (goes in small portions), and the process itself becomes painful. The liquid changes color, becomes cloudy and brighter or darker. More is more: on the contrary, too much urine is taken from nowhere (this is called polyuria). It becomes light, like water: all because it no longer removes from the body the proper amount of harmful substances. If blood clots appear in the urine or if it turns brown, you should not just go to the doctor, but you must go to the doctor.
  • Swelling. It is they who most often make the ordinary mortal tormented by vague doubts "are my kidneys sick?" In renal diseases, edema begins to form around the eyes (they block the light in the morning, but usually resolve in a day), plus on the feet (shoes become cramped), then the lower legs swell, fingers (tighten the rings). But, frankly, it’s not worth rejoicing in such “specifics”: puffiness is already a rather late symptom of kidney problems. In addition (just in case), in case of kidney diseases, dark circles, “crow's feet” are noticeable on the face, the skin on the chin quickly fades, and the “facade” turns pale or acquires an earthy tint. The language, by the way, can also swell and become loosened.
  • Frequent aching lower back pain which are strengthened in an upright position (especially during physical activity and lifting weights). But it is worth lying down - and everything passes.

At the doctor’s appointment

The only thing you can and should do is for any ailments go to the doctor. Without making a diagnosis on the Internet and, moreover, without self-medication. After all, this, in addition to jokes, leads to the chronicity of painful processes - and there, and kidney failure is not far away.

The latter affects all body systems: cardiovascular, neurological, musculoskeletal, endocrinological, and to the heap the gastrointestinal tract. And often leads to replacement therapy - for example, by hemodialysis. This is when all your blood is scrolled many times in a row through the filters of the artificial kidney apparatus. Sessions for many hours - and so on 2-3 times a week. In general, you can’t go to sea to relax.

Monitor the state of the body important throughout life. Even if nothing bothers you, but the closest relatives have kidney pathology or hypertension, and you often have sore throats or blood pressure is unstable, plus you drink little water - it's worth thinking, not verify whether our girlfriends. You can start with a qualified therapist, take blood and urine tests, do an ultrasound scan, and then, if necessary, consult a nephrologist and / or urologist. Urologist Fuad Shakir is convinced that starting at age 40 we should all do Ultrasound of the kidneys. Also often (but already at an earlier age) the doctor recommends taking Analysis of urine - the method, you see, is more than simple and affordable.

Kidney disease

  • Urolithiasis disease
    This is when stones are formed in your upper urinary tract (in stones, in philistine). Imagine, for example, that a stone gets stuck in the ureter - a small tube connecting the kidney to the bladder, through which the urine produced by the kidneys actually flows - it's like squeezing a pump hose. The kidney swells, and its owner is very painful. And, if rescue measures are not taken in time, the function of the organ will gradually begin to fade.
  • Renal colic
    A terrible, excruciating pain of a cramping nature in the lumbar region, when the patient no longer finds a place for himself (and is urgently hospitalized). The reason is the blockage of the very upper urinary tract (which blocks the urine from the kidney to the bladder) with the same stones - in 90% of cases, an attack of renal colic is caused by urolithiasis. The pain can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, chills and fever - in general, there is little pleasant.
  • Acute renal failure
    Rapid deterioration in kidney function. It may be the result of gastroenteritis, infectious diseases, food poisoning, alcohol, snake bites, uncontrolled medication, injuries.
  • Chronic renal failure
    Constant and gradual deterioration of kidney function, the body is no longer completely cleared of toxins and toxins, the fluid is delayed, and the electrolyte composition is disturbed. The cause can be a variety of diseases.
  • Cystitis
    Inflammation of the bladder (in fact, pain during urination, frequent running to the toilet, burning and other joys of life). Why are we here about him? Untreated cystitis is a direct threat to the kidneys. Moreover, chronic pyelonephritis may be hidden under the mask of the disease. Despite the coldest symptoms, ladies love to treat cystitis at home: they bask in warm baths, drink the “herbs” and pills that someone once advised them at the bus stop.
  • Pyelonephritis
    Infectious and inflammatory kidney disease.

What kidneys love

  1. The correct drinking regimen. This, as you already guess, is about two liters of water per day - the amount necessary for the normal functioning of the body as a whole. So the blood will be more diluted - the kidneys are easier to filter. They will not refuse tea and will gladly sip cranberry or lingonberry juice, which remove excess fluid from the body, lower the concentration of urine and, to some extent, prevent the formation of stones.
  2. Watermelons! Of course, but not only. Treat your kidneys often with pumpkin, zucchini, and melon. All these products have a “correct” diuretic effect - they do not irritate our heroines and urinary tract.

Will an osteopath help?

You can get as close to the kidneys as possible, except, as we have already suggested, by taking the Bok freken pose (fists on the sides). BUT the osteopath feels the slightest vibrations of the organ. Here's what we learned about him from the lips of Marina Drinevskaya, a graduate student at the International Academy of Osteopathy, a specialist at the White Garden, a health and beauty center.

All organs and tissues of a living organism are characterized by various types of movements. So the kidneys make micromotion, like the wipers of cars - exactly along the same path. Trained specialist hands are capable this is feel and catch changes in rhythm, amplitude and strength of movement - that is, they “hear” where our heroines linger a little, “understand” if the organ is lowered or strained. Moreover, this happens even when a person does not realize that something is hurting him or that he can later develop into a disease, and before a fundamental examination.

Based on the information received during the examination, the osteopath can adjust some points - find the cause of violations (which can be at any point on the body) and help the body tune in the right way, improve microcirculation and organ nutrition.

When you are very nervous, your internal organs can strain, and our heroines are no exception. Speaking from a psychological point of view, it is believed that the kidneys Is basically organ of stress and fear. According to Marina, patients often have severe chills - during work or after the procedure. Allegedly, this is the reaction of the body, which “unscrews” the events that happened to him back, as if fulfills them and starts the processes in the opposite mode - begins the course for recovery. Why chills? The connection, of course, has not been proven by anyone, but the female nature is such that it requires protection and warmth.

We were taught to handle kidneys:
Marina Botova. Nephrologist of the first category of the clinic "Medicine".
Fuad Shakir. Surgeon-urologist-andrologist, head of the Urological Clinic of the European Medical Center.

Signs and symptoms of kidney cyst

Symptoms of the presence of cystic formations in the kidneys are not clear. The patient may not feel any discomfort or specific signs at all. For a long period, the disease is asymptomatic, and the cyst itself is accidentally detected during an ultrasound scan.

A person experiences certain discomforts only when the cyst begins to grow to such an extent that it is already pressing on adjacent organs and tissues. In this case, the following symptoms are most often observed:

Pain in the lumbar region, which intensifies after lifting weights or with sudden movements,

Renal hypertension (an increase in the "lower" pressure),

The presence of blood in the urine,

Impaired blood circulation in the affected kidney,

Impaired urine outflow from a diseased kidney,

Dull pain in the area of ​​the ureter, bladder,

If the patient's immunity is weak, an infection can join and provoke an inflammatory process. In this case, the patient will feel all the signs of an infection of the kidney (pyelonephritis): general weakness, painful and rapid urination, aching constant girdle pain, fever. In addition, in the study of urine tests, an increased number of leukocytes is detected in it, cylinders and red blood cells can also be detected.

In the absence of timely adequate treatment, the patient may develop chronic renal failure. This pathology manifests itself with polyuria (very frequent urges to empty the bladder), weakness, thirst, high blood pressure. If the size of the cyst is quite large, it can compress not only the ureters and renal pelvis, but also important vessels. This, in turn, can lead to ischemia and atrophy of the affected organ over time.

Causes of Kidney Cysts

Despite the fact that a cyst of the right and left kidney is not so rare, the causes of this pathology are still not fully understood by scientists and doctors. Most often, these are congenital formations, but they can also form after birth.

It is generally accepted that kidney cysts occur due to hereditary, traumatic or infectious factors. And the difficulty of reliably identifying the causes is further exacerbated by the fact that the disease, as already mentioned, proceeds without specific symptoms.

The process of cyst formation itself occurs in connection with their development from the renal tubules, which lose contact with other similar structures, after filling with fluid and increasing in size to a couple of millimeters. Such formations develop due to the increased growth of epithelial cells, which lines the renal tubules from the inside.

Types of Kidney Cysts

Kidney cysts are classified according to various signs. So, by origin they are:

By the nature of organ damage:

By the quality of the fluid inside the formation:

Hemorrhagic (fluid mixed with blood),

Purulent (develop as a result of the attachment of inflammation due to infection).

Simple and complex cysts are also distinguished. A simple kidney cyst is a spherical cavity filled with a clear fluid. This type of cyst is found most often, and at the same time they are the safest, since the risk of their transformation into a cancerous formation is extremely low. Such a pathology occurs more often asymptomatically. Complex cysts differ from simple ones in that they contain several chambers, segments, and the contours of their surface are uneven. In the case when there are thickened septa in the cavity of such a cyst, the risk of its oncogenicity increases. In addition, calcified deposits are not rarely found in them. Another specific area of ​​a complex cyst can be supplied by blood. And since the vessels usually surround the cancerous tumors, this once again speaks of the possible degeneration of a complex kidney cyst into cancer.

In addition, cysts are distinguished, depending on their structure:

sinus kidney cysts,

parenchymal cyst of the kidney,

solitary cyst of the kidney.

Next, we consider in more detail each of these species.

Sinus kidney cysts, also called parapelvic cysts, refer to simple cysts. Such formations are located at the gates of the renal sinus (hence its name) or the kidney itself. Such a pathological bladder is formed as a result of an increase in the gaps of the lymphatic vessels that cross the kidney in a place near the pelvis, but not adjacent to it. They are a cavity filled with a clear yellowish liquid, in some cases with impurities of blood. Why sinus cysts form is not completely understood. This pathology is most often found in women, older than 50 years.

The sinus cyst of the kidneys provokes a pain symptom in the patient, as well as impaired urination, and the urine itself may be red due to the presence of blood in it. The patient often suffers from high blood pressure.

Parenchymal cyst of the kidneys is most often a congenital pathology, less often - acquired. Moreover, if a person was born with this formation in the kidney, then it may well disappear on its own, resolve. This is a formation whose camera is located directly in the parenchyma of the kidney, which is why the name of this cyst arose. Most often, there is serous fluid inside the chamber, which in composition and appearance resembles blood plasma. Sometimes, however, parenchymal cysts filled with hemorrhagic contents (with blood impurities) are found. This type of cyst pathology can also be single, multicystic and polycystic.

Congenital parenchymal cysts most often occur in connection with certain violations in the first and second trimester of pregnancy (embryogenesis), when all organs, including the kidneys, are formed and laid. In addition, such congenital pathologies are accompanied by some other diseases of the genitourinary system. Another reason for the development of parenchymal cysts (congenital) is genetic, intrauterine dysplasia of the renal parenchyma.

Acquired parenchymal cysts are more common in men older than 50 years. They can develop in connection with obstruction (clogging) of the tubules of the nephrons by micropolyps, urea salts or connective tissue. In 2/3 cases, the parenchymal cyst does not manifest itself with any symptoms.

A solitary cyst of the kidney is one of the options for a simple cyst having a rounded shape. This formation is not associated with the collector (output) system of the body, does not have inclusions, partitions. Such a cyst is located in the parenchyma (cortical layer) of the kidney, usually in one kidney. But there are also solitary cysts located in the medullary layer of the organ, which may have hemorrhagic or purulent contents in the middle (in case of kidney injury).

Kidney cyst treatment

Before prescribing a particular type of treatment, the doctor, if a kidney cyst is suspected, directs the patient to undergo a comprehensive examination. The diagnosis is established taking into account the patient's complaints. Polycystosis is determined by palpation, since in this case the size of the kidneys increases, and they have a tuberous structure. During laboratory tests, anemia and a decrease in functional proteins are detected in the blood, creatinine and urea increase. In the urine, as was said, leukocytes, erythrocytes are found, the specific gravity of urine decreases, as a result of renal failure.

The main and indispensable method for determining kidney cysts today is ultrasound. It is this method that makes it possible to identify the localization of formations, their size, number and relationship with adjacent organs. If it is necessary to conduct differential diagnosis with renal tumors, a contrast radiography method (angiography, excretory urography) can also be proposed. The cyst in this case manifests itself as a formation that does not contain blood vessels. One of the modern methods that can be additionally applied is computed tomography (CT).

Only a specialist urologist with full knowledge of the matter will be able to explain in detail to the patient what the danger of cystic formations in the kidneys is. But, in general, the main risk posed by this pathology is the possibility of other diseases.

Conservative drug treatment of kidney cysts is quite limited in its capabilities, but in this way the general condition of the patient can be corrected without removing the cyst itself. Most often, symptomatic treatment is carried out, which consists in taking medications that lower blood pressure, stop pain in the lumbar region, relieve inflammation and normalize the normal outflow of urine. In the case of the attachment of a bacterial infection, antibiotics are prescribed to the patient.

In the absence of the necessary treatment, a kidney cyst can provoke quite serious complications - suppuration, capsule rupture, hemorrhage. In this case, an emergency operation is necessary. In the event that the diameter of the formation is not more than 5 cm and it does not cause a violation of the outflow of urine and blood circulation, such a cyst is simply observed. Planned surgical intervention is offered in such cases:

The age of the patient is young or middle,

A cyst provokes severe pain

The dimensions of the cyst are large, it compresses adjacent organs,

The patient has arterial hypertension,