Health Information

Yellow urine after taking vitamins


Why does urine take on a rich yellow color after taking multivitamins? What does it mean: poor-quality vitamins or the norm?

Riboflavin, or otherwise vitamin B2, is most often to blame for staining urine in a bright yellow color after taking multivitamins.

Riboflavin is a water-soluble vitamin and its excess is excreted in the urine. And since it is always present in large doses in multivitamin preparations, it is natural that some time after taking the dragee, the urine acquires a saturated yellow color. The instructions for riboflavin and the multivitamin complexes containing it always say that it stains urine in yellow.

In addition, in the production of some vitamins, a yellow dye is added to the dragee shell, which, of course, also affects the color of urine.

So yellow urine after taking vitamins is normal, it should be so.

Reasons for yellowing

Quite often, a change in the shade of urine is directly related to the food and liquid that a person eats and drinks, as well as their quantity. For example, if a person drinks a little liquid, this provokes the transformation of the shade of urine into a lighter one.

The shade of biological fluid varies depending on age, gender, and even on general health. For example, in newborns, urine is colorless, but after a few months, it darkens or acquires a bright yellow color. There are no reasons for concern in this case, since this is only a sign that the child is responding to food.

For women, the presence of a bright yellow tone of urine is a signal of an increased content of proteins in the blood or the presence of the first stage of urethritis. As for men, then if their urine acquires a rich yellow color - this indicates the presence of prostatitis.

It is possible that a change in the shade of the liquid presented arises as a result of taking various kinds of antibacterial drugs or as a result of uncontrolled intake of laxatives, in particular, Furacilin and Furazolidone.

Do not forget about medicines whose shell contains a dye, the use of such funds inside can also provoke a change in the color of urine.

With excessive use of drugs such as Revit, Multitabs or Pikovit, the biological fluid also acquires a rich yellow color, and its release is accompanied by a smell resembling ascorbic acid. Quite often, a similar phenomenon occurs in children who secretly eat more vitamins than their parents give them.

There are cases when the urine has such a hue with heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, and, of course, in the presence of pregnancy.

Is this normal and worth worrying?

Yellowing of urine after taking the described beneficial substances directly indicates their increased concentration in the body. As a rule, this is not dangerous for humans, but can provoke the development of an allergic reaction to the product, the use of which led to yellowing of urine.

But there are more serious manifestations, for example, the presence of bright yellow urine can cause changes in the amount of urobilin, which will entail a violation of the kidneys and liver of a person. At this point, the body can try to get rid of the decay product of the substance on its own, so it is recommended to use a large amount of water with the addition of juice and mineral water in the daily diet.

What to do?

If the urine turns yellow as a result of consuming foods containing a vitamin complex, then no special medical procedures needed. If there is any concern and the chance that urine has changed color for another reason, then you should contact your doctor who, after conducting a survey and sending the patient for a urinalysis, will establish a diagnosis.

If it is not a matter of consuming vitamins, then in order to improve the quality and health of the urethra, first of all, it is necessary to find out the causes of a change in the color of urine, which can be covered in nutrition. As a result, in order to normalize the state of health, it is necessary to adjust the drinking regime, stop using medicines, remove foods that contain dyes from the diet, and also get rid of heavy physical exertion. As for pregnant women, in whom urine quite often acquires a rich yellow color, it is very important for them not to be nervous, but to immediately go to the doctor and determine the diagnosis.

If the described actions do not help get rid of bright yellow urine, then the problem is more serious and must be mandatory see a urologist.

As a result of the information received, it can be concluded that the acquisition of yellow urine after eating foods containing vitamins is a completely normal process with which nothing needs to be done. After a few days, everything normalizes, if you wish, you can simply refrain from products that provoked changes for a couple of days.

The effect of hydration

Urine usually ranges from a pale yellow to dark amber. Some changes in it are harmless, while others are symptoms of a disease.

This shade in ordinary urine is formed due to the content in it of a substance known as urochrome. It is also called urobilin. It is the result of the breakdown of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells. Urochrome is a byproduct of red blood cell renewal.

When a person drinks a lot of water, this fluid removed from the body can become lighter than the usual version. When it is diluted with water (with heavy use of the latter), it will be significantly paler than bright yellow urine in a more concentrated form.

The urine is yellow, saturated, and becomes when a person loses a lot of fluid (it, for example, comes out in connection with the more active work of sweat glands). This criterion demonstrates whether water is consumed in sufficient quantities or not. Dark shades of yellow suggest that the person is dehydrated and needs hydration. Therefore, it is advised to use the monitoring of the shade of fluid removed from the body as a reliable way to control hydration during exercise.

It is urgent to seek medical help when dehydration is caused by a disease or a person is not able to take water. Dehydration can be dangerous for anyone, but small children and older people are especially vulnerable. The less water people use, the more bright yellow urine they may have.

The effect of medicines

Pigments and chemicals found in foods, medications can also change the tone of urine. Among the latter distinguish:

  • antibiotics
  • laxatives
  • some medicines used for chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer,
  • drugs that are prescribed to fight urinary tract infections.

These changes are fairly standard, and usually they are not observed over a long period of time. Rifampicin is used in the treatment of tuberculosis. It leads to a red or orange tone of urine.

Diprivan is a drug that turns urine into green or blue. Chronic exposure to lead or mercury poisoning makes this excreted fluid red.

Dietary and vitamin components

Diet also happens to be a factor in this matter. Rhubarb betrays urine in a dark brown color. All natural fruit vegetables (especially beets), berries, and heavily processed foods can contain large amounts of food coloring. The latter are able to interact with the pigments of the digestive system and lead to a change in the tone of the fluid removed from the body.

This hue also varies depending on whether the intake of food and water is separate or not. Asparagus gives, for example, a green hue and an unpleasant odor.

There are two types of vitamins: water soluble and fat soluble. Very yellow urine mainly indicates an excess of vitamin B, although it is harmless. It dissolves in water, and is rapidly absorbed in large quantities before it reaches the intestines. Then this microelement quickly passes into the bloodstream, where it is filtered by the kidneys within half an hour. Then the body removes excess B2 through urine.

In this case, you can try to stop taking the vitamin for several days and drink several glasses of water during the day. This will allow you to see if the urine will subsequently become lighter in color. Other vitamins, such as A, D, and E, which are not soluble in water, are absorbed more slowly as they move through the intestines.

Features of the period of pregnancy

Since the normal tone of urine varies among shades of yellow, there should be no reason for concern if it looks lighter, brighter, darker, even during pregnancy. During this period, bright yellow urine can be in many cases, and this should not be considered something unusual. During pregnancy, color changes may result from:

  • the effects of normal transformations on how the kidneys filter water,
  • of how many drinks are drunk per day,
  • selecting certain foods
  • taking vitamins and other medicines.

The risk of dehydration increases while waiting for a baby to be born, because there is more than usual demand for water in the body. It is necessary to maintain the volume of circulating fluid required by the fetus and normal metabolism.

Doctors recommend vitamins and iron to all pregnant women. An excess of water-soluble vitamin C and trace elements of group B will cause the urine tone to change to a brighter yellow. It will be noticeable already within a few hours after taking vitamins.

Urinary tract infection can worsen pregnancy outcomes. The problems will be expressed in premature birth, rupture of the membranes. If urine darkens, becomes cloudy, has a smell, there is a burning sensation or pain, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Urinary tract infections caused by bacteria can lead to a green tinge of urine. This is a serious reason to consult a doctor. Blood in the urine is called hematuria.

Carrots and its juice are able to provoke the appearance of an orange tone due to the carotene substance that is contained in this vegetable. Sweet potatoes will do the same. Such transformations are within normal limits. This is not a reason to refuse fruits and vegetables, which are important products in the diet of a future mother.

Problems with different organs

Liver problems can cause dark urine. This condition is often accompanied by bowel movements with light colored feces and yellow (with jaundice) eyes.

Urine can also be a sign that blood sugar is high. If there are other symptoms (dehydration, frequent urination, lethargy), you should talk with your doctor about checking whether diabetes is necessary.

Changes in the tone of this fluid removed from the body can be a sign of problems with the kidneys or with the functions of the bladder. If the urine becomes cloudy or a strong smell appears - this is a sign of infection of the bladder or kidney. This assumption is mainly confirmed by the occurrence of symptoms such as pain during urination, fever, and vomiting.

Infections can be accompanied by bleeding of the urinary tract, which can change the tone of urine. Blood in the urine is one of the reasons that the latter turns red. The harmless causes of redness in urine indicate the presence of beets or blackberries in the diet.

Bleeding caused by impaired renal function is much less common in children than in adults. Although some rare disorders can lead to it, among them there are:

  • Shenlein-Genoch disease
  • hemolytic uremic syndrome,
  • Wilms tumor.

Any bleeding in the urinary tract in children is considered abnormal. In this case, you must urgently seek immediate medical attention.

In this case, the fluid removed from the body must be checked for the presence of bacteria causing the infection in it. Before you go for a consultation with a doctor, you should prepare a list of answers to the main questions that he will ask, such as:

  • when the patient first noticed the change,
  • what has his diet been lately
  • what medications or supplements does he take,
  • is there any increased physical activity in his daily schedule,
  • have there been any sleep disturbances lately
  • whether the bowel movement is normal and regular,
  • is there a rash on the body
  • have the patient been bothered by headaches lately
  • did he have vision problems.

Old age increases the risk of changes in urine tone. For example, cancer of the kidneys or bladder is common in older people. Men over 50 years old will find blood when urinating if they have an enlarged prostate gland.

Other colors of urine

If the color of urine goes beyond the yellow spectrum, consult a doctor. This is especially true for brown tones. You should seek medical attention in the case of red, blue or green. Medications that change the color of urine to brown are presented:

  • antipsychotic drugs such as chlorpromazine and thioridazine,
  • antibiotics such as metronidazole and nitrofurantoin,
  • medicines whose action is directed against attacks of epilepsy (Phenytoinum).

A condition called porphyria causes a dark purple tone of discharge. Porphyria is a rare metabolic disorder. Urine may turn green due to:

  • drugs containing phenol, such as Promethazine, used for allergies and nausea, and Propofol, a drug that is used in anesthesiology,
  • antidepressants (amitriptyline, cimetidine),
  • medications that reduce the amount of stomach acid released,
  • painkillers (indomethacin).

Green discharge may be caused by a bowel disease called ulcerative colitis. The disease leads to the formation of a color in the fluid that is removed from the body, corresponding to the tone of the food, which is usually not able to be properly digested by the digestive system or which has been absorbed through the affected intestinal membrane of the patient.

Turbid discharge often indicates a number of possible problems. In women, this can be caused by vaginal discharge. Another reason for this is the too high content of minerals in the body, such as calcium. An excess of protein in urine can lead to this.

What does the B12 do?

Vitamin B12 is one of the most complex and unique types of vitamins. First of all, it is the only one of the water soluble vitamins that is stored in your body. Your liver holds a small amount of this nutrient for many years. Secondly, it is the only vitamin that combines with the mineral, cobalt, to function.In its paired form, B12 is called cobalamin, of which methylcobalamin and 5-deoxyadenosylcobalamin are the two types used by humans, the Linus Pauling Institute explains. You need vitamin B12 for a variety of biochemical reactions, including DNA and RNA synthesis, new red blood cell production, and normal neurological functioning.

B12 and urine color

Depending on your hydration state, the normal color of the urine can vary from light yellow to amber. Consuming large amounts of B12-rich foods can cause your urine to turn a vibrant green. In addition, taking a B12 supplement, a vitamin B complex, or a multivitamin containing vitamin B12 can cause your urine to turn dark yellow or orange. This is due to the yellow color in addition to the recipe that your body stands out.

You need only a small amount of B12 every day: 2. 4 mcg. It is usually safe at high doses, because you excrete everything that you do not absorb, so there are no upper limits for this vitamin. Part of the risk of low toxicity of B12 arises from your body, only able to absorb tiny amounts at once. Although this has a low risk of toxicity, you should tell your doctor if you decide to take the B12 supplement to ensure that it does not have any side effects.

Reasons for concern

Although it may be normal for your urine to change color after swallowing B12, some factors may require a visit to your doctor. If your urine is cloudy or hard to see, it may be a sign of a certain type of infection, such as a bladder or urinary tract infection. Urination should not be painful, so if you notice pain along with ugly urine, tell your doctor about it. Watch how often you encounter bleached urine to help you keep track of whether this is related to your consumption of B12.